Flora & Fuana

It is a crime to not taste momos while you are in Leh. The momos are available in various shapes.


It is a Tibetan soup. Due to the Tibetan influence in Leh, Thukpa is quite popular in Leh. It is a clear soup with lots of vegetables. Comfort food for cold temperatures of Leh.

Butter Tea

Traditionally, it is made from tea leaves, yak butter, water, and salt, although butter made from cow's milk is increasingly used, given its wider availability and lower cost.


Khambir is a Ladakhi variant of bread. This bread is made up of whole wheat and is oval in shape. It is usually a popular breakfast dish eaten with mildly salted butter tea.


Skyu is a traditional soup dish of Ladakhis. Soft wheat dough is kneaded into thumb sized balls and cooking with meat and vegetable stew. This is usually an accompanied with dumplings or momos.

Chuppri or Yak Cheese

A Himalayan delicacy, You can find it in local bakeries, have it laced in your momos, have it with crackers, or just ask them to give you a bit to taste. The taste can be called an “acquired taste”.

Apricot Jam

Ladakh apricot store has the most famous locally made products from apricot. At this store in Leh, you find everything made from apricots, from jams to pickled apricots to apricot facepacks and scrubs.

Hemis Festival
Venue: Hemis Monastery
Start Date: 23rd June 2018 End Date: 24th June 2018

Hemis Gompa, the largest and richest Buddhist monastery in Ladakh plays host to the popular yearly festival day called Hemis Tsechu.

Yuru Kabgyat (Lamayuru) Festival
Venue: Lamayuru Monastery
Start Date: 12 June 2018 End Date: 13 June 2018

Lamayuru is host to two annual masked dance festivals in the second and fifth months of the Tibetan lunar calendar, when all the monks from these surrounding gompas gather together to pray.

Ph-Yang Tsedup (Phyang) Festival
Venue: Phyang Monastery
Start Date: 11th July 2018 End Date: 12th July 2018

The Phyang Tsedup Festival pageant is held during July to August. For the period of the pageant men throng within the Monastery dressed in colorful clothes and also carrying a lovely smile on their faces.

Buddha Purnima Festival
Venue: Leh
Start Date: 30th April 2018

Buddha Poornima is a supreme festival of all the Buddhists around the world. There are various activities that are held by the people for the celebration of Buddha Purnima like prayer, communication on Gautam.

Spitok Gustor Festival
Venue: Spitok
Start Date: 14th Jan 2018 End Date: 15th Jan 2018

The Spituk Gustor is a two day festival that takes place in Ladakh. It is one of the many variable monastic festivals that take place in Ladakh. The word ‘Gustor’ means literally 'sacrifice'.

Thiksay Gustor Festival
Venue: Thiksey Monastery
Start Date: 06th Nov 2018 End Date: 07th Nov 2018

Celebrated for two long days in Thiksey Monastery, Thiksey Gustor is an important festival that even attracts a lot of international tourists attention. The festival starts with a ceremony during which a liquid is offered to invite the Gods of four quarters.

Matho Nagrang Festival
Venue: Matho Monastery
Start Date: 1st Mar 2018 End Date: 2nd Mar 2018

Celebrated with great pomp and show on the 15th day of the Tibetan calendar first month, Matho Nagrang is an important festival of the Tibetan Buddhism Sakya School. Somewhere like other festivals, during this one too a mask dance is performed by monks of the monastery.

Galdan Namchot Festival
Venue: All Over Ladakh
Start Date: 16th Dec 2018

Ladakh is a colourful destination to visit while in India and a visit during a festive season is a definite win-win. One such festival that glitters with vibrancy and zest is Galdan Namchot Festival. During this festival, all the monasteries, houses and public buildings are lit up.

Dosmoche Festival
Venue: Leh ,Likir & Deskit Monasteries
Start Date: 13th Feb 2018 End Date: 14th Feb 2018

Dosmoche is a must attend festival during your tour to Leh-Ladakh. This festival is one of two major festivals, the main being Losar. Dosmoche festival is joyously celebrated with great zeal in Leh.

January, February and December:

One of the coldest times of the season, the temperature rarely goes above the freezing point starting from December. The nights are chilling and temperatures hover around -20°C. Days are still bearable with 2°C as average temperature. January is also the month of maximum snowfall and it is not uncommon to see 6” plus thick ice sheet formations over rivers and lakes. Manali - Leh and Srinagar - Leh Highway are closed and Ladakh remains practically inaccessible by road during these months. Frostbites are common and most locals develop scales and cracks on their skins. February is when locals get only a little respite from the cold and one may find a few shops open for business.

March and April:

Although relatively better than January, February and December, it is still too cold to resume a normal routine the months of March and April. Naturally, March is colder than April. Temperatures hover between 6°C in the day and -5°C in the night. April is still better and day temperatures go up as much as 12°C. There is still the occasional snowfall that further dips the mercury down.

May, June, July and August:

This is when Ladakh receives the bulk of its tourists annually. Most highways open up the last week of April or the first week of May. May is when the action starts. The weather clears up and one can enjoy their Ladakh sojourn “sunny side up”. Temperatures are a pleasant 16°C during the day and a barely manageable 3°C in the night. The breeze still carries the winter chill and one may feel the bite if sitting in shade for too long. June is when the mercury really kicks up and temperatures soar up to 21°C (day). You still can’t do without a blanket at night when it’s 7°C. This is when tourism is at its peak and Ladakh is buzzing with visitors, most on month long treks and pan-Ladakh expeditions. This is also when most events and local festivals happen to be celebrated. The days are blessed with plenty of sun, sometimes a little too harsh. Direct exposure to sunlight for long can leave you sunburnt and tanned, and not in a good way. July is arguably the warmest month of the year. The day and night temperatures are 25°C and 10°C respectively. This is when Ladakh receives the odd raid, otherwise, the weather remains pleasant and inviting all through the month. August is when it starts to get chilly once again and the extra quilts have to be pulled out. If you happen to be traveling during August, make sure you’re packing a lot of extra woolens. The breeze is a lot gustier and carries a lot of bite.

September, October and November:

It’s already cold, by now. At elevations higher than 3000 meters, there aren’t too many days you will not feel cold. All through September, the weather is somewhat similar to that in May. The days are a lovely 20-22°C and all of Ladakh is rinsed by ample sunshine. The nights are back to being bitterly cold and you would need a desi angeethi to warm things up inside. But it’s during the months of October and November that Ladakh goes back to its gloomy self. Since temperatures start dropping below 0°C on a lot more regular basis once again, all interstate roads and passes are closed again 5-6 months.

Ladakh Culture

Ladakh is a land like no other, as its Historical locale, Art, Rich Ladakh culture, Colorful people reflects. Ladakh has been a vital trade route connecting the Mediterranean to China. Traders came from Tibet in the east, Kullu in the south, Muslims from Balti valley in west and caravans from Central Asia in the north. Ladakh has been to develop and inherit a rich Ladakh culture tradition, which survives even today as a living heritage to the western Himalayas. This heritage finds appearance in the regions monuments, monasteries, art and oral literature, fairs and festivals and in the time pleased tradition of collective celebrations of various events. Among the many Ladakh social and Ladakh culture events, the annual festival held in monasteries make up the most vital part of the regions living heritage of Ladakh culture. The colorful Gompas are one of the main source of attraction for the tourist visiting ladakh. Festivals provide the people a chance for socializing, trading and general entertainment. Ladakh has been a place of attraction for travelers from diverse corners interested in Culture & Adventure mainly besides other attracting places, brackish Pangong lake, Tsokar lake, Tsomoriri lake, Khardongla Pass 5600m. Nubra Valley.

The inhabitants of Ladakh are different from other parts of India. The faces and physique of Ladakhis, and the clothes they wear are more akin to those of Tibet and central Asia. In eastern and central Ladakh, todays population seems to be mostly of Tibetan origin. Further west, in and around Kargil, there is much in the peoples appearance that suggests a mixed origin. The Ladakhi people are a welcoming, smiling, hardy lot, friendly and open.

Religion Of Ladakh

About religion of Ladakh, Buddhism reached Tibet from India by means of Ladakh, and there are ancient Buddhist rock engravings all over the region, even in areas like Drass and the lower Suru Valley which today are inhabited by an wholly Muslim population. Islam came from the west. A peaceful penetration, its success was guaranteed by the early change of the sub-rulers of Dras, Kargil and the Suru Valley.

Education In Ladakh

Of the secular culture, about education in Ladakh, the most important element is the rich oral literature of songs and poems for every occasion, as well as local versions of the Kesar Saga, the Tibetan national epic. This literature is common to both Muslims & Buddhists. Among the many social and cultural events of Ladakh, the annual festivals held in the Buddhist monasteries make up the most important part of the regions living heritage in ladakh culture tradition. The architecture of Ladakh contains Tibetan and Indian influences, and reflects a deeply Buddhist approach. The Buddhist wheel, along with two dragons, is a common feature on every Gompa. The Charten have four-sided walls in Ladakh, as opposed to round walls in parts of Tibet. Many of the houses and monasteries are built on lofty, sunny sites facing the south, and are often made out a mix of rocks, wood, cement and earth.

Traditions & Rituals

The folk musical instruments 'Surna' (oboe) and 'Daman' (drum) accompany the ceremonies and public events. These instruments originally introduced into the region by Muslims hailing from Baltistan but are now exclusively played by 'Mons' (Buddhist musicians). A newly born child gets a warm welcome full of festivity and merriment, with functions on his 15th day in the world, after one month of the birth of a child and his/her first birthday. The family invites all the friends, relatives and neighbors and serves them with tea, 'Tsampa' (a local delicacy), butter and sugar.

Weddings in Ladakh are full of music, dance, merriment and feasting. The boys are generally promised or married at an age of 16 and girls by the age of 12. The relatives of the groom take 'Chang', tea, butter and other presents along with the ring to the bride's home. If the gifts are accepted then marriage takes place a few months later. On the first day, a grand feast ensues at the bride's house and on the second day, at the groom's place. After marriage, bride lives with her husband and her parents offer clothes, animals and land to the couple as dowry or 'Raqtqaq', depending on their economic status. The males are the head of the family and the eldest son has the right to property of his father, which automatically passes to the next brother after him. In case, there are no sons in the family, the father brings in husband of the eldest daughter and property gets transferred in the daughter's name and passes on to her first son, after her.


Ladakh, undoubtedly, is a unique wildlife destination, which boasts of being home to a number of exotic animals as well as bird species roaming freely in their natural habitat. You can witness a huge variety of flora and fauna. It also has some rare and endangered species of animals. The region of Ladakh with a unique ecosystem gives an opportunity of a wildlife as well as a photography enthusiast to view some rare and most beautiful wildlife species with a striking background of the snowy peaks.

The flora and fauna of Ladakh was first studied by Ferdinand Stoliczka, an Austrian/Czech palaeontologist, who carried out a massive expedition in the region in the 1870s. The fauna of Ladakh have much in common with that of Central Asia generally, and especially those of the Tibetan Plateau. An exception to this are the birds, many of which migrate from the warmer parts of India to spend the summer in Ladakh. For such an arid area, Ladakh has a great diversity of birds — a total of 225 species have been recorded. Many of these birds reside or breed at high-altitude wetlands such as Tso Moriri.


The Hemis National Park is bordered by the bank of Indus River. The catchments of Markha, Sumdah, and Rumbak, together with the regions of Zanskar Range. The Karakoram-West Tibetan Plateau alpine steppe ecoregion also covered the national park. The area features Alpine Tundra, Meadows, Alpine Shrublands and Pine Forests.


Hemis National Park was founded in 1981 by protecting the Rumbak and Markha catchments. The initial area of the park was 230 sq mi (600 sq km). Thereafter, in 1988, the park was extended to an area of 1,290 sq mi (3,350 sq km), adding the neighboring lands. In the year 1990, the park was further extended to 1,700 sq mi (4,400 sq km), which makes the Hemis National Park - the largest national park of South Asia. The park also features Tibetan Gumphas and Holy Chortens inside its boundary. Hemis Monastery, 400 year old, is also one of the major highlights of the park. Henceforth, the Hemis National Park makes up an important part of the Ladakh tourism


As this region of Himalaya falls under the rain shadow region, therefore there isn't much of rains. In the lower elevation, dry forests of juniper, Populus - Salix forests and subalpine dry birch - fir, subalpine dry birch - fir are featured.


Common Name: Ratanjot
Local Name: Demjok
Arnebia guttata is a very Tufted very bristly haired perennial herb. Stem are branched covered with the base. Leaves are strap shaped, blunt covered with bristly white hairs. Flowering and fruiting June to September. It is found on dry sandy places in Changthang and Leh valleys at an altitude of around 3870 m. the root is used in Sowa Rigpa system of pulmonary problems. Roots yield an edible and fat soluble red dye, which is used by the local people for colouring dishes and sweets.


Common Name: Aconite, Patees
Local Name: Bona-nagpo
Aconitum violaceum is a perennial herb with a stem of 15-30 cm and leaves 4-8 cm across, palmately cut to the base into narrow segments. Flowers in dense spike, dark blue, 2-2.5 cm, bracts small, linear. Follicles around 3-5, hairy. The flowering and fruiting of this is frm Mid-June to August. It is found along water streams and moist places in Nubra, Zanskaar and Suru valleys between 2960-3600 m altitude. The roots are used against cold, cough, asthma, fever and gastric problems. Air-Dried roots of the plants are reported to contain 1 percent indaconitine.


Hemis National Park provides shelter to almost 16 mammal species as recorded in the latest survey. The population density of the snow leopards in the park amounts to 200. The probability if spotting snow leopard in the area of Rumbak catchment. Some other species spotted in the national park are Asiatic Ibex, Shapus, Eurasian Brown Bear, Tibetan Wolf, Red Fox, Himalayan Mouse Hare, Mountain Weasel, Himalayan Marmot, etc.


Asiatic Ibex has a long vaulted horns curved and the thick coat which is brown in color. The legs and tips of the tail are white. Female Asiatic Ibex have thin parallel horns. The body length of the Capra Ibex is 130-160 cm and the weight is around 40 to 90 kg. Capra Ibex live in crowds as the males and female survive in separate assemblies but at the time of breeding they originate together. They like to stay in high altitude meadows in the rocky hills. They travel to lower elevations in winter and desire vertical grades so that the snows are not gathered. Normally they graze in the morning and evening time. The best place to see the animal is in Ladakh like Kanji Lamayuru, Changla and Nubra Shayok valleys. There are nearly 6000 Ibex in Ladakh. They are the most seen animals found in Ladakh that reside in high elevation.


The snow leopard (shan) once ranged throughout the Himalaya, Tibet, and as far as the Sayan Mountains on the Mongolian-Russian border; and in elevation from 1800 m to 5400 m. They are extremely shy and hard to spot, and as such not well known. It is believed there are about 200 in Ladakh. While tourists are unlikely to see leopards themselves, during winter the footprints and other marks are not uncommon. Other cats in Ladakh are even rarer than the snow leopard: the lynx (ee), numbering only a few individuals, and the Pallas's cat, which looks somewhat like a house cat.


The Tibetan wild ass (Ladakhi: kyang) is one animal that visitors can expect to see from the comfort of a vehicle, if they take a jeep tour on the Changthang. Favouring the rolling grasslands of this area, their natural curiosity makes them fairly easy to spot, despite the relatively low numbers, about 1500 individuals.


The Tibetan wolf (shangku) is the greatest threat to the livestock of the Ladakhis and as such is the most persecuted. There are only about 300 wolves left in Ladakh. There are also a very few brown bears (drenmo / tret) in the Suru valley and the area around Dras. The red fox is common, and Tibetan sand fox has recently been discovered in this region (both: watse).

Among smaller animals, marmots (pheya) are common; you can even sometimes see them from the road, although they do not look very different from the marmots common to other mountainous areas of the world. There are also plenty of hares (ribong), and several types of voles and pika (both: rdzabra / zabra).


The latest survey records about 73 species of birds including both migratory and native species. Hemis National Park is ideal for those interested in studying about the Himalayan and Trans-Himalayan birds of prey.


The black-necked crane (trhung-trhung) is a rare species found scattered in the Tibetan plateau, and is also found nesting in summer in parts of Ladakh. The Black-necked Crane, one of the most charismatic birds of Ladakh. It is whitish-gray, with a black head, red crown patch, black upper neck and legs, and white patch to the rear of the eye. It has black primaries and secondaries. Both sexes are similar. Some populations are known to make seasonal movements. It is revered in Buddhist traditions and culturally protected across much of its range.

Other of the birds that can be spotted in the national park are Golden Eagle, Lammergeier Vulture, Himalayan Griffon Vulture, Fork-Tailed Swift, Tickell's Leaf Warbler, Fire-Fronted Serin, Red-Billed Chough, Brown Accentor, Streaked Rosefinch, Chukar, Robin Accentor, Himalayan Snowcock, Tibetan Snowfinch, etc.

Language of Ladakh

Ladakhi language also known as Bhoti and it is the prime language in the Leh region of Ladakh. Actually Ladakhi is a Tibetic language, even if it is not equally comprehensible with Standard Tibetan. Around 100,000 peoples speak Ladakhi Language in India and possibly 12,000 People in the independent Tibet Region of China, predominantly in the Qiangtang region. There are number of Ladakhi vernaculars we can see in ladakh like Ladakhi which is also called as Lehskat, Shamskat which is spoken to the northwest of Leh Region. Stotskat is one of the Ladakhi dialects which is spoken to the southeast in the Indus valley; and Nubra Valley. There is diversity in Ladakhi Language spoken in Upper Ladakh and Zanskar. For tourist who are visiting Ladakh, it becomes very difficult to communicate there if you dont know proper Ladakhi language. Therefore to learn ladakhi language or to know it we provide you the English to Ladakhi translation guide to facilitate tourists.

Yes yot
No met
Hello djule
How are you? rdemo ina?
I am fine kasa dju
Come in shyodang
Sit down chuksa dzat
Where do you come from? kaon na chkot pin?
Where are you going? karu chkyo dat?
I’m going to Leh nga le -a chat me
Where do you live? nyeran karu chuk ste?
I live in Leh nga le -a ste
What is the price of this book? I specha rin tsam in?
Sixty rupees I rin khirmo tuktchu inok
Do you have any sugar? Karra yoda?
Is this the way to Leh? I lamne lela?
How far is it ? nyima tsam gorin?
Three days more nyima tsam gorin
Are there horses available? sta thop bi na?
Yes, horses are available sta thop bin
Thank you djule thugdzetche
One tchik
Two nis
Three sum
Four ji
Five chgna
Six tuk
Seven rdum
Eight rgyet
Nine rgu
Ten tchu
Fifteen tchuga
Twenty nichu
Thirty somtchu
Forty jiptchu
Fifty ngaptchu
Sixty tuktchu
Seventy rduntchu
Eighty rgyet tchu
Ninety rgup tchu
One Hundred rgya
One Thousand stong


Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Aenean commodo ligula eget dolor.